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News & Events

Day: May 16, 2019

Comprehensive Nationally Representative Panel Data Generation

In contrast to the existing studies, the present study will draw upon the largest nationally representative panel dataset available so far for rural Bangladesh. It will build upon a panel dataset that already exists, with a sample of 6300 households drawn from 180 villages from all over Bangladesh. The sample was drawn following a sampling

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Lessons from Development Interventions: Rigorous Impact Evaluation of Selected Development Interventions in Key Areas (e.g. Nutrition, Health, Education, etc.)

Running Head: Evaluation of the School Feeding Program (SFP) in Bangladesh Almost every country in the world has a national School Feeding Program (SFP). It reaches around 368 million children annually and 18(49) percent children in low income (upper-middle income) countries receive some sort of SF. A sample of 10 countries shows that SFP brought

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Impact of Compliance Standards on Firm Productivity in the RMG Industry

After the Rana Plaza building collapse in April 2013, which killed more than 1,100 people, mostly garment workers, North American retailers, including top brands like Walmart and Gap, formed “the Alliance” and the European retailers formed “the Accord” to undertake a five-year plan which set time-frames and accountability for safety inspections and training and workers’

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Macroeconomic Modeling

A macroeconomic model is an analytical tool designed to describe the intertwined characteristics and operation of an economy or a region. In fact a macroeconomic modeling matrix organizes matrix representation of all transactions and transfers between different production activities, factors of production, and institutions (Households, Corporate Sector and Government) within the economy and with respect

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Impact of Compliance Standards on Firm Productivity in the RMG Industry

After the Rana Plaza building collapse in April 2013, which killed more than 1,100 people, mostly garment workers, North American retailers, including top brands like Walmart and Gap, formed “the Alliance” and the European retailers formed “the Accord” to undertake a five-year plan which set time-frames and accountability for safety inspections and training and workers’

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Baseline Satisfaction Survey for College Education Development Project (CEDP)

The Government of Bangladesh (GOB) with the support of the World Bank is implementing a project in the National University affiliated tertiary colleges to improve their teaching and learning environment as well as to strengthen their strategic planning and management capacity. This project, known as the College Education Development Project (CEDP), is being implemented through

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Food Insecurity, Extreme Poverty, and Underemployment in Marginal/Backward Areas

Policymakers define backward areas for different administrative reasons, such as geographic allocation safety net benefits, etc. Generally, backward areas cover 3 distinct types: (i) haors, baors, beels, (ii) chars and coastal area, and (iii) hilly areas of the country. These areas are backward on multiple counts: adverse geo-climatic conditions, poor or no physical infrastructures and

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Monthly Gas Usage by both Metered & Non-metered Single and Double Burner Domestic Gas Consumers under Different Gas Distribution Companies in Bangladesh

Bangladesh Energy Regulatory Commission (the Commission) has been established through the Bangladesh Energy Regulatory Commission Act, 2003 (the Act), as an independent and impartial Commission for the energy sector. It is independent in the exercise of its functions that are in accordance with the provisions as laid down in the Act. The objective of establishing

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Pharmaceutical Industry of Bangladesh: Prospects and Challenges

Bangladesh’s export basket is heavily monopolized by the ready-made garment (RMG) products. Therefore, one of our development agenda is to diversify our export. In this connection, one potential sector with high growth potential is the pharmaceutical sector. Bangladesh is not only capable of meeting the domestic demand for drugs but also drugs from our country

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Impact of Natural Disaster on Education Outcomes: Evidence from Bangladesh

The impact of natural disaster on income, assets and livelihoods is well documented. The literature largely focuses on loss of physical capital (e.g., house, livestock, crop, etc.), its consequences on the income earning opportunities of households and their coping strategies including migration. What is less understood is the effect on human capital and its long-term

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Issues related to livestock returns in bangladesh ((IRLRB)

CONTEXT AND BACKGROUND Though the livestock sector has grown by 3.2% in 2016, its contribution to GDP has fallen from 2.2% in 2008 to 1.7% in 2016 (GOB 2016). The contribution of this sector to the agriculture sector has been almost static at around 13% during the same period. This sector, therefore, is not growing

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How Teenagers Use Smartphones to Exercise Freedom

This study examines how teenagers in Dhaka city use smartphones to exercise freedom, specifically, how the young users avoid parental and social supervision. Instead of reproducing the binary dichotomy of good and bad usage, this study investigates what youngsters do with smartphones, specifically, when they are relatively free from supervisions. The study plan is to

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How Much is Mobile Money Worth? BKash Experience in Bangladesh

Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies (BIDS) has initiated a study titled “How Much is Mobile Money Worth? BKash Experience in Bangladesh”. Today, more than 80% of the mobile financial transactions in Bangladesh are done through BKash which serve around 23 million customers. Under this study both household and enterprise surveys will be conducted using quasi-experimental

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Bangladesh Integrated Food Policy Research Program

The Bangladesh Integrated Food Policy Research Program is one of the key components of the Modern Storage Facilities Project being implemented by the Ministry of Food with a World Bank investment. The project is designed to undertake three sets of activities: (1) enhance institutional capacity of the FPMU and DG-Food to carry out their mandates,

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Socioeconomic impact of migration: An empirical approach

The purpose of this study is to explore how international migration creates a differential impact on socioeconomic condition of households with an international migrant through empirical analysis. Migration and remittance has become a major part of Bangladesh economy, contribution to 7.9% of the country’s GDP in 2015 and around 49 % of total export earnings.

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How Do Crop Diversification and Livelihood Affect Nutritional Status?

This study aims to examine how diversity in crop production results in dietary diversity and how dietary diversity results in better nutrition among households in rural Bangladesh. It also aims to find the linkage between livelihood and nutrition.Crop diversification may improve nutritional status in two ways- one is production and another one is income. Due

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Gender Differentiated Impacts of Kerosene Subsidy Reform in Bangladesh

The report examines from a gender perspective the impact of subsidies and reform to kerosene in Bangladesh. The research was based around two overall research questions: “How do existing kerosene or LPG subsidy policies affect the welfare, productivity and empowerment of women and girls in low-income households?” and “How might this change given a change

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Tracer Study of Graduates of Universities in Bangladesh”

“Higher Education Quality Enhancement Project (HEQEP),” the flagship project of the Ministry of Education, works with the aim to improve the quality of teaching and learning of the tertiary education institutions of the country. The students of these institutes are supposed to be the ultimate beneficiaries of the various activities undertaken through this project. To

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Women Entrepreneurs in SMEs: Bangladesh Perspective 2017

This study mainly aimed at exploring the present status of women entrepreneurs in small and medium enterprises. The study was initiated with a number of objectives, which mainly mingle around the goal of understanding the sources of success of women entrepreneurs in the SMEs, socio-cultural and legal barriers faced by women to become entrepreneurs and

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An Evaluation of Rural Social Service Programme of the Government of Bangladesh

Increased access to financial and social services is an important determinant of economic resilience. Development also requires accomplishment of a number of non-income factors which are not included in a typical microcredit programme. The rural social service programme (RSS), which has been implementing since 1974, is based on the principle of holistic approach to development. 

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An Evaluation of the Activities of Grihayan Tahobil (Housing Fund)

In FY 1997-98, the Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh (GoB) formed Grihayan Tahobil (Housing Fund) with the initial seed money of Tk. 500 million through budget allocation for the purpose of providing low-cost housing to the poor, distressed and homeless people of the society. The central objective of the study is two-fold: (i)

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Electrification in Rural Bangladesh: An Assessment of Socio-economic Impacts of Subsidized Tariff on Life-line Consumers

Bangladesh Energy Regulatory Commission (BERC) is working to ensure universal access to electricity and/or energy by closely working with different energy providers such as Bangladesh Rural Electrification Board (BREB) and Bangladesh Power Development Board (BPDB); creating conducive environment for the private investment in energy sector, determining appropriate tariff rate for different energy products, and creating

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State Of The Handloom Industry Of Bangladesh

The objective of the present study has been to look into the existing status of the handloom industry of Bangladesh in reference to the past and formulate a hypothesis on the future standing. In order to understand the industry, such aspects as the trends in size of the industry, technology of handloom weaving, and organizational

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Fuel wood consumption in four districts of bangladesh

According to World Bank’s Global Tracking Framework of 2017 and WHO factsheet 2016, around three billion people rely on wood or other biomass for cooking and heating, resulting in indoor and outdoor air pollution that causes about 4.3 million deaths each year. More than 50% of premature deaths due to pneumonia among children under 5

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Workplace Injuries in Manufacturing and Service Sectors in Bangladesh

Workplace injury in Bangladesh is perceived to be high, but the issue has received less attention though workers in Bangladesh are well protected against workplace related accidents, and injuries through Bangladesh Labour Act (BLA), 2006 and Bangladesh Labour (Amendment) Act, 2013. The Labour (Amendment) Act 2013 makes a large number of amendments to the BLA

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Performance Assessment of the Pilot Program of Shishu Bikash Kendra

Childhood is a time when children should be allowed to grow and develop to their full potential: healthy children in school and at play, growing strong and confident with the love and encouragement of their family and an extended community of caring adults, gradually taking on the responsibilities of adulthood, free from fear, safe from

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An Inclusive Approach to Care of the Elderly in Bangladesh

The care for the elderly is now quite entrenched in most developed countries, with varying intensity; it was both more intensive and extensive in coverage in the earlier socialist countries, and is also now more prevalent in countries with more socialistic spirits such as the eastern European and the Nordic countries. The debates on the

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Preparation of formulation assignment for the new project on ‘SDG implementation and monitoring’

SDG implementation and monitoring requires an efficient roll-out plan involving several key sequential steps irrespective of a country’s context. The government of Bangladesh, particularly the GED has followed these steps religiously and has made a long stride toward creating an enabling environment within government for implementing SDGs. The milestones of such initiatives include: integration of

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Impact Evaluation Of The 1st Phase Of ‘Swapno’

Strengthening Women’s Ability for Productive New Opportunities, also known as SWAPNO is a typical public works based ‘graduation model’ targeting only the distressed and vulnerable rural women. Since it is a so called ‘graduation model’, it not only aims at lifting the poor out of poverty during the project period, but also helps them sustain

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An assessment on coverage of basic social services in Bangladesh

Bangladesh, in pursuit of its own development trajectory and commitment to fulfill the SDGs, continuously invests in social services projects including health, nutrition, education and child protection. The success of these interventions depends on effective coverage of the targeted beneficiaries. If an intervention fails to provide effective coverage, the related population remains deprived of the

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Impact of Natural Barrier on Competitiveness of Selected Bangladeshi Exportable Agricultural Products in the International Market

The research is planned to estimate the export potential of selected agricultural exportable products (fruits/vegetables) by estimating protection and competitiveness of these products in the international market. While doing so it will differ from the existing literature by estimating and incorporating widely defined natural barrier in the estimation. Natural barrier can be defined as transaction

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Evaluation of Industrial Estates of BSCIC

The industrial estates of BSCIC have been promoting small and cottage industrial sector and thereby creating employment opportunities, attaining poverty alleviation and balanced regional growth, ensuring optimum utilization of economic and human resources and accelerating overall economic growth of the country. To provide services to the entrepreneurs of small and cottages industries it has one

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Higher fish but lower micronutrient intakes: Temporal changes in fish consumption from capture fisheries and aquaculture in Bangladesh

The paper conducts a temporal analysis of fish consumption and nutrient intakes from fish in Bangladesh, using nationally representative household expenditure surveys from 1991, 2000 and 2010, combined with detailed species-level nutrient composition data. Malnutrition is one of the biggest challenges of the 21st century, with one in three people in the world malnourished, combined

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Managing Fisheries for Food Security: Implications from Demand Analysis

The rapid rise of aquaculture and concurrent stagnation or decline in capture fisheries output are widely recognised global phenomena, but the food and nutrition security implications of these trends remain the subject of considerable uncertainty. The paper uses the latest (2010) nationally representative household income expenditure data from Bangladesh to estimate elasticities of demand for

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Baseline Data for the Impact Evaluation of Second Rural Transport

This report provides the estimates of various parameters at the Baseline for the Impact Evaluation Study for the Second Rural Transport Improvement Project (RTIP-II) in Bangladesh. The baseline survey collected primary data from 800 households, 433 communities, 4000 businesses/shops, 204 markets/growth centers, 1000 transport owners, and 1000 transport users. Besides, the above quantitative data, qualitative

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SIEP: Skills for Employment Investment Project

This study examined the skills gap situation in 9 important sectors of Bangladesh, as follows: agro-food, construction, health, hospitality and tourism, ICT, leather goods, light engineering, RMG and ship building. Skill shortage is a situation where employers find difficulties in filling vacancies because there are not enough workers with the desired skills or employers are

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Establishments Survey on Workplace Injuries in Bangladesh

Workplace injury in Bangladesh is perceived to be high, but the issue has received inadequate attention. It is necessary to create a broad consensus among government, employers and workers organisations on the need for a National Employment Injury Protection and Rehabilitation (NEIPR) scheme. The NEIPR scheme helps spread the risks of workplace injury across all

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Economic and Social Impacts of Export Processing Zones on the Economy of Bangladesh

According to existing legislation of Bangladesh, the primary goals of export processing zones (EPZs) are to: (i) provide foreign exchange earnings by promoting non-traditional exports; (ii) provide jobs to alleviate unemployment and underemployment and assist in income creation; and (iii) attract foreign direct investment (FDI) and engender technological transfer, knowledge spillover and demonstration effects that

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Children and Youth in Bangladesh: Human Capital and Employment

Dr Rushidan Islam Rahman Research Director, BIDS, Dhaka Summary of findings The shares of 5-14 and 15-24 year age groups are 24.88 and 17.04 per cent among male and 23.47 and 19.29 per cent among female, the share of youth have increased during 1991 to 2001 and remained static during 2001 to 2011. Major findings

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Rice Prices and Growth and Poverty Reduction in Bangladesh

K A S Murshid Mohammad Yunus This paper examines the complex relationship between rice prices and economic growth, poverty reduction, and food security in Bangladesh including the impact on producers and consumers. The impact on macro variables is also examined. Using available literature and knowledge of Bangladesh, the researchers investigate whether or not a relationship

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South Asia WASH Results Program: End line Child Survey

The baseline child survey, measuring the knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of children was completed by BIDS at the end of last year before the Unilever ‘School of 5’ campaign was implemented in the schools. The programme aims at promoting sustained use of hygienic household toilets, and the practice of hand washing with soap. The main

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An Evaluation of Primary Education Stipend Project-II

Client: Primary Education Stipend Project (Phase-II) Research Team: Mohammad Yunus (Study Director), Ms. Siban Shahana (Member) In this study, attempts were made to assess the final outcomes of major indicators of educational attainment, economic and social development among the households of the students who received stipends under PESP-II vis-à-vis that among the control households. The

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Evaluation of Service Innovation Fund Projects of A2I

Study Team: Dr. Monzur Hossain (Team Leader), Dr. S. M. Zahedul Islam Chowdhury, Mr. Riton Kumar Roy Under the Service Innovation Fund (SIF) of the Access to Information Program (A2I), seven projects were launched in 2013 (Phase-I) with an aim to create easier process of accessing and availing public service and to promote innovation within

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Study on gradual reduction of subsidy under IDCOL SHS program

Study Team: Dr. Monzur Hossain (Team Leader) and Dr. Mohammad Yunus The Infrastructure Development Company Limited (IDCOL) has been implementing a program on solar home system (SHS) since 2003 with the mission of fulfilling basic electricity requirements in the off-grid regions of rural areas of Bangladesh. Around fifty to sixty thousand SHSs are now being

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Impact Assessment of Upazila Fiscal facility Funded Projects

Study Team: Dr. Monzur Hossain (Team Leader), Mr. Moogdho Mim Mahzab The study was conducted to assess the short-term impact of schemes implemented under the Upazila Fiscal Facility program under the Upazila Governance Project, implemented by the Local Government Division, LGRD Ministry. The facility has been extended to 14 project upazilas starting from 2013. On

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South Asia WASH Results Programme: Baseline and Midline Survey

The South Asia WASH Results Programme (SAWRP) is being implemented in Pakistan and Bangladesh. It aims to reach over 6 million people across the two countries. The objective is to promote and enable sustained use of hygienic household toilets and the practice of hand washing with soap. The baseline survey of WASH in Bangladesh was

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Quality of Seeds and Pesticides in Bangladesh

Team members: Kazi Ali Taufique (Team Leader), Kazi Iqbal, Emdadul Haque and M. Niamul Naser This study deals with quality of seeds and pesticides in Bangladesh. The importance of the issue hinges on the role of quality seed in enhancing agricultural output, improving food security and reduction of poverty. The main objectives of the study

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Baseline Survey Of Safe City Program

Study Team: Dr. M.A.Mannan and Badrun Nessa Ahmed Executive Summary Background: Bangladesh urbanized rapidly, post 1971, from a mere 8 % of people living in urban areas to 30 percent now. Urbanization, mostly driven by rural to urban migration saw slums and areas with poor living. While women become vulnerable to violence in these habitations,

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Strategy for Development of the SME Sector in Bangladesh

Dr. Zaid Bakht  Dr. Abul Basher  Summary of the study SMEs have been the more dynamic component of the manufacturing sector during 2005/06–2010/11 and  accounted for about 4.5% of total employment (i.e., 35.5% of total manufacturing employment) and 12.4% of GDP (i.e., 69.9% of total manufacturing value-addition) in FY11. However, the demonstrated dynamism conceals two

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The PEC Report of the Economic Census 2013

Dr. Zaid Bakht Dr. S.M. Zahedul Islam Chowdhury Executive Summary 1. The Economic Census 2013 was carried out in two phases during March 31 through May 31, 2013. The main objective of the census was to assess the current size and composition of the Bangladesh economy outside of household based agriculture and examine how the

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Improving Access of the Poor to Financial Services

Team Leader: M. K. Mujeri Executive Summary Finance is a powerful intervention for economic growth especially in a resource-constrained developing country like Bangladesh. Access to finance especially to the poor is essential for promoting inclusive economic growth and eradicating poverty in the country. The country’s development strategy recognizes that socioeconomic opportunities and development in Bangladesh

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Improving Land Administration and Management in Bangladesh

Team Leader: Dr. Monzur Hossain, Senior Research Fellow, BIDS Executive Summary Land availability as well as its sustainable management has important bearings on overall development in general, and food security, business development and human habitation in particular. Land scarcity relative to demand is showing up in accelerating increases in land prices, especially in urban areas

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Analysis of Fish Consumption and Poverty in Bangladesh

Study Director: Kazi Ali Toufique Sponsor: Research Endowment Fund of BIDS Aquaculture has grown in leaps and bounds in the last couple of decades in Bangladesh. This is welcomed by most as increasing fish production is expected to contribute to enhancing food security in a country becoming more vulnerable by fragile fisheries resource systems where

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Baseline Study of the Project for Integrated Development of Upazilas

In order to mobilize official development assistance from Japan under the Project for the Integrated Development of Upazilas in Bangladesh, JICA initiated a study to analyze the current situation of Upazilas and local governance in Bangladesh. In this connection, JICA and IDCJ (International Development Corporation, Japan) requested BIDS to conduct a baseline survey in selected

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Climate Change, Agriculture and Migration: Evidence from Bangladesh

Team member: Kazi Iqbal, Paritosh K. Roy Changes in climatic variables influence households’ decision regarding livelihood options and strategies to mitigate income shocks. Among others, migration is one the most frequently adopted coping strategies the affected people use. This paper studies how the changes in climatic variables such as temperature and rainfall impact migration through

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