Socioeconomic impact of migration: An empirical approach

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The purpose of this study is to explore how international migration creates a differential impact on socioeconomic condition of households with an international migrant through empirical analysis. Migration and remittance has become a major part of Bangladesh economy, contribution to 7.9% of the country’s GDP in 2015 and around 49 % of total export earnings. A large number of Bangladeshi workers are employed in Middle East and other various countries in the world such as Malaysia. However, hardly any literature exists for Bangladesh with sound empirical and quantitative analysis that looks into overall impact of migration on socioeconomic factors in Bangladesh.

The paper asks research questions that if a household has an international migrant and receiving remittance:

§  Does it have a differential impact on sanitary habits compared to non-migrant and internal migrant households? Is there a greater probability for households with international migrants to use sanitary toilets and better hygiene practices?

§  Does it have a differential impact on saving and investment? Does household with international migrant have a higher probability to save and invest?

§  Does international migration cause a differential impact on children’s education? The study will look into if a child’s probability of attending school is higher if there is an international migrant in the family and does education score index of household improve with an international migrant in the household.

Such impacts will also be analyzed among different geographical regions in Bangladesh and across poverty groups


Study Team: Sami Farook

Sponsored by: Abu Abdullah Fellowship

About BIDS

The Bangladesh Unnayan Gobeshona Protishthan or The Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies (BIDS) is an autonomous public multi-disciplinary organization which conducts policy oriented research on development issues facing Bangladesh and other developing countries. 

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